This site discusses phimosis in its specific forms of phimotic ring, frenulum breve, adhesions or skinbridges. During erection these conditions inhibit the relationship between foreskin and glans. This functionally restricts the erection, and thus has an effect on the sexuality. With our culture's attitudes on health care, it would be appropriate to encourage early prevention.

Jan 2021 : Please read the new summary.

to search Medline (see page bottom)

Phimosis: Diagnosis and Treatment (collection of extracts)
.................... (Appendix with further references)

The Complete Frenulum Studies ......................Grewel
(The entire available literature since 1920 - last checked in 2005)

The Encyclopedia of Phimosis Statistics (Entire available since 1920)
(last checked in 2005)
......................Øster's Routine Checks
......................Schöberlein (de)

Collection of reports on Betamethasone
Collection of citats on Late Initiations

Extract from Beauge M.D.
Bettelheim and Adhesions

Iwamuro (prevention)
Wabrek (sexual therapy)
Alexander (remarkable anecdote)

Research was made through all available medical journals 1920 - 2000 in English French German Italien and Spanish this revealed ONLY the above references to possible sexual problems connected with phimosis. This shows that very little resesarch has been done on this subject - a seeming taboo on sexual influences. The anthropological texts of Ploss and Bryk show far more appreciation of the sexual influences of phimosis.

Anthropological Studies

and for comparison:
Diderot`s Encyclopédie (1779)
Diderot English Translation


To update Medline Studies
To search for phimosis - (to avoid penicillin you need to ask for) peni* BUT NOT penic* AND phimo*

To search for frenulum - frenul* OR frenum* - gives practically everything - linguistically you need freno* OR frenu* OR freni* OR fraenum OR frein - You will find many references to the tongue (lingua) so either specify AND peni* -or- BUT NOT ling*

Choose the citation report.
I have collected everything up to year 2000
- statistics and frenulum were updated in 2005